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Cyprus Geography Profile 2017

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LocationMiddle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey; note - Cyprus views itself as part of Europe; geopolitically, it can be classified as falling within Europe, the Middle East, or both
Geographic coordinates35 00 N, 33 00 E
Map referencesMiddle East
Areatotal: 9,251 sq km (of which 3,355 sq km are in north Cyprus)
land: 9,241 sq km
water: 10 sq km
Area - comparativeabout 0.6 times the size of Connecticut
Land boundariestotal: 156 km
border sovereign base areas: Akrotiri 48 km, Dhekelia 108 km
Coastline648 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Climatetemperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters
Terraincentral plain with mountains to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 91 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Olympus 1,951 m
Natural resourcescopper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment
Land useagricultural land: 13.4%
arable land 9.8%; permanent crops 3.2%; permanent pasture 0.4%
forest: 18.8%
other: 67.8% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land460 sq km (2012)
Population distributionpopulation concentrated in central Nicosia and in the major cities of the south: Paphos, Limassol, and Larnaca
Natural hazardsmoderate earthquake activity; droughts
Environment - current issueswater resource problems (no natural reservoir catchments, seasonal disparity in rainfall, sea water intrusion to island's largest aquifer, increased salination in the north); water pollution from sewage and industrial wastes; coastal degradation; loss of wildlife habitats from urbanization
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notethe third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily and Sardinia)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017