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Chad Demographics Profile 2016

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Population11,852,462 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 43.63% (male 2,622,700/female 2,549,035)
15-24 years: 21.18% (male 1,225,731/female 1,285,150)
25-54 years: 28.31% (male 1,525,208/female 1,830,530)
55-64 years: 3.87% (male 202,044/female 256,936)
65 years and over: 3% (male 146,957/female 208,171) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 100.7%
youth dependency ratio: 95.8%
elderly dependency ratio: 4.9%
potential support ratio: 20.3% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 17.6 years
male: 16.6 years
female: 18.6 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.88% (2016 est.)
Birth rate36.1 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate14 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-3.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 22.5% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.42% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationN'DJAMENA (capital) 1.26 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.83 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.79 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 0.71 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth17.9
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2014/15 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 87 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 92.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 81.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 50.2 years
male: 49 years
female: 51.5 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate4.45 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate4.8% (2010)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate2.04% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS165,600 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths8,500 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 71.8% of population
rural: 44.8% of population
total: 50.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 28.2% of population
rural: 55.2% of population
total: 49.2% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 31.4% of population
rural: 6.5% of population
total: 12.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 68.6% of population
rural: 93.5% of population
total: 87.9% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Chadian(s)
adjective: Chadian
Ethnic groupsSara (Ngambaye/Sara/Madjingaye/Mbaye) 25.9%, Arab 12.6%, Kanembu/Bornu/Buduma 8.3%, Wadai/Maba/Masalit/Mimi 7%, Gorane 6.8%, Masa/Musseye/Musgum 4.7%, Bulala/Medogo/Kuka 3.6%, Bidiyo/Migaama/Kenga/Dangleat 3.6%, Marba/Lele/Mesme 2.9%, Dadjo/Kibet/Muro 2.5%, Mundang 2.5%, Gabri/Kabalaye/Nanchere/Somrai 2.4%, Zaghawa/Bideyat/Kobe 2.3%, Fulani/Fulbe/Bodore 2%, Tupuri/Kera 2%, Tama/Assongori/Mararit 1.6%, Baguirmi/Barma 1.3%, Karo/Zime/Peve 1.3%, Mesmedje/Massalat/Kadjakse 1%, other Chadian ethnicities 2.5%, Chadians of foreign ethnicities 0.6%, foreign nationals 2.5% (Sudanese 2%) (2009 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 58.4%, Catholic 18.5%, Protestant 16.1%, animist 4%, other 0.5%, none 2.4% (2009 est.)
LanguagesFrench (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write French or Arabic
total population: 40.2%
male: 48.5%
female: 31.9% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 7 years
male: 9 years
female: 6 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,475,960
percentage: 48% (2010 est.)
Education expenditures2.9% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate856 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight28.8% (2015)
Health expenditures3.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.04 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate6.6% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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