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Chad Demographics Profile 2013

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Population11,193,452 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 45.2% (male 2,565,613/female 2,494,020)
15-24 years: 20.4% (male 1,107,121/female 1,178,946)
25-54 years: 27.6% (male 1,393,498/female 1,693,233)
55-64 years: 3.9% (male 188,558/female 242,559)
65 years and over: 2.9% (male 137,590/female 192,314) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 103.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 98.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 4.9 %
potential support ratio: 20.4 (2013)
Median agetotal: 17 years
male: 15.9 years
female: 18.1 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate1.95% (2013 est.)
Birth rate37.99 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate14.85 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-3.64 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 21.8% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationN'DJAMENA (capital) 1.079 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.82 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.78 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth18.2 (2004 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 91.94 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 97.64 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 86.01 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 49.07 years
male: 47.95 years
female: 50.22 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate4.8 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate4.8% (2010)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate3.4% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS210,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths11,000 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 70% of population
rural: 44% of population
total: 51% of population
unimproved:
urban: 30% of population
rural: 56% of population
total: 49% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 30% of population
rural: 6% of population
total: 13% of population
unimproved:
urban: 70% of population
rural: 94% of population
total: 87% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Chadian(s)
adjective: Chadian
Ethnic groupsSara 27.7%, Arab 12.3%, Mayo-Kebbi 11.5%, Kanem-Bornou 9%, Ouaddai 8.7%, Hadjarai 6.7%, Tandjile 6.5%, Gorane 6.3%, Fitri-Batha 4.7%, other 6.4%, unknown 0.3% (1993 census)
ReligionsMuslim 53.1%, Catholic 20.1%, Protestant 14.2%, animist 7.3%, other 0.5%, unknown 1.7%, atheist 3.1% (1993 census)
LanguagesFrench (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write French or Arabic
total population: 35.4%
male: 45.6%
female: 25.4% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 8 years
male: 10 years
female: 6 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,475,960
percentage: 48 % (2010 est.)
Education expenditures2.9% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate1,100 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight33.9% (2004)
Health expenditures4.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.037 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
Hospital bed density0.43 beds/1,000 population (2005)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate2.7% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013