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Central African Republic Demographics Profile 2014

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Population5,277,959
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 40.6% (male 1,077,247/female 1,064,660)
15-24 years: 20.1% (male 534,257/female 528,822)
25-54 years: 31.8% (male 838,484/female 838,858)
55-64 years: 3.9% (male 91,696/female 115,600)
65 years and over: 3.6% (male 73,914/female 114,421) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 76.5 %
youth dependency ratio: 69.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.7 %
potential support ratio: 14.8 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 19.4 years
male: 19.1 years
female: 19.8 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.13% (2014 est.)
Birth rate35.45 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate14.11 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 39.1% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationBANGUI (capital) 740,000 (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 92.86 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 100.55 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 84.93 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 51.35 years
male: 50.06 years
female: 52.67 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate4.46 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate19% (2006)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate4.7% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS130,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths11,000 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 89.6% of population
rural: 54.4% of population
total: 68.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 10.4% of population
rural: 45.6% of population
total: 31.8% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 43.6% of population
rural: 7.2% of population
total: 21.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 56.4% of population
rural: 92.8% of population
total: 78.5% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Central African(s)
adjective: Central African
Ethnic groupsBaya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%
Religionsindigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%
note: animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority
LanguagesFrench (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 56.6%
male: 69.6%
female: 44.2% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 7 years
male: 9 years
female: 6 years (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 532,518
percentage: 47 % (2006 est.)
Education expenditures1.2% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate890 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight28% (2006)
Health expenditures3.8% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.05 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate3.5% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014