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Cambodia Demographics Profile 2013

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Population15,205,539 (July 2013 est.)
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Age structure0-14 years: 31.7% (male 2,428,507/female 2,397,327)
15-24 years: 21.2% (male 1,597,990/female 1,627,161)
25-54 years: 38.2% (male 2,828,752/female 2,985,226)
55-64 years: 4.9% (male 287,073/female 464,991)
65 years and over: 3.9% (male 221,356/female 367,156) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 57.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 48.9 %
elderly dependency ratio: 8.4 %
potential support ratio: 11.9 (2013)
Median agetotal: 23.7 years
male: 23 years
female: 24.4 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate1.67% (2013 est.)
Birth rate24.88 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate7.88 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-0.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 20% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.13% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationPHNOM PENH (capital) 1.55 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.63 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.8
note: Median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 52.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 59.54 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 45.55 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 63.41 years
male: 61.01 years
female: 65.93 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate2.72 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate50.5% (2010/11)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.5% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS63,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths3,100 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 87% of population
rural: 58% of population
total: 64% of population
unimproved:
urban: 13% of population
rural: 42% of population
total: 36% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 73% of population
rural: 20% of population
total: 31% of population
unimproved:
urban: 27% of population
rural: 80% of population
total: 69% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Cambodian(s)
adjective: Cambodian
Ethnic groupsKhmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%
ReligionsBuddhist (official) 96.4%, Muslim 2.1%, other 1.3%, unspecified 0.2% (1998 census)
LanguagesKhmer (official) 95%, French, English
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 73.9%
male: 82.8%
female: 65.9% (2009 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 10 years
male: 11 years
female: 10 years (2008)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,345,269
percentage: 39 % (2001 est.)
Education expenditures2.6% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate250 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight29% (2011)
Health expenditures5.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.227 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density0.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate2.1% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013