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Cambodia Demographics Profile 2016

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Population15,957,223
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 31.24% (male 2,515,435/female 2,468,855)
15-24 years: 19.02% (male 1,501,070/female 1,533,500)
25-54 years: 40.18% (male 3,139,851/female 3,271,077)
55-64 years: 5.43% (male 342,063/female 524,114)
65 years and over: 4.14% (male 248,454/female 412,804) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 55.6%
youth dependency ratio: 49.2%
elderly dependency ratio: 6.4%
potential support ratio: 15.6% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 24.9 years
male: 24.2 years
female: 25.6 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.56% (2016 est.)
Birth rate23.4 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate7.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 20.7% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.65% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationPHNOM PENH (capital) 1.731 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.65 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female
total population: 0.6 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.9
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 48.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 55.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 41.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 64.5 years
male: 62 years
female: 67.1 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.56 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate50.5% (2010/11)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.63% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS74,100 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths2,000 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 69.1% of population
total: 75.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 30.9% of population
total: 24.5% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 88.1% of population
rural: 30.5% of population
total: 42.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 11.9% of population
rural: 69.5% of population
total: 57.6% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Cambodian(s)
adjective: Cambodian
Ethnic groupsKhmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%
ReligionsBuddhist (official) 96.9%, Muslim 1.9%, Christian 0.4%, other 0.8% (2008 est.)
LanguagesKhmer (official) 96.3%, other 3.7% (2008 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 77.2%
male: 84.5%
female: 70.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 10 years (2008)
Education expenditures2% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate161 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight23.9% (2014)
Health expenditures5.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.17 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density0.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate2.9% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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