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Burundi Demographics Profile 2014

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Population10,395,931
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 45.7% (male 2,385,571/female 2,361,367)
15-24 years: 19.3% (male 1,001,486/female 1,005,617)
25-54 years: 28.6% (male 1,483,936/female 1,491,401)
55-64 years: 3.9% (male 190,707/female 216,983)
65 years and over: 2.5% (male 109,434/female 149,429) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 89.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 84.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 4.5 %
potential support ratio: 22.2 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 17 years
male: 16.7 years
female: 17.2 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate3.28% (2014 est.)
Birth rate42.33 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate9.54 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 10.9% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.12% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationBUJUMBURA (capital) 605,000 (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.3
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 63.44 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 70.22 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 56.46 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 59.55 years
male: 57.94 years
female: 61.22 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate6.14 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate21.9% (2010/11)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.3% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS89,500 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths4,800 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 91.5% of population
rural: 73.2% of population
total: 75.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 8.5% of population
rural: 26.8% of population
total: 24.7% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 42.7% of population
rural: 48.1% of population
total: 47.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 57.3% of population
rural: 51.9% of population
total: 52.5% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Burundian(s)
adjective: Burundian
Ethnic groupsHutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000
ReligionsCatholic 62.1%, Protestant 23.9% (includes Adventist 2.3% and other Protestant 21.6%), Muslim 2.5%, other 3.6%, unspecified 7.9% (2008 est.)
LanguagesKirundi 29.7% (official), Kirundi and other language 9.1%, French (official) and French and other language 0.3%, Swahili and Swahili and other language 0.2% (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area), English and English and other language 0.06%, more than 2 languages 3.7%, unspecified 56.9% (2008 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 67.2%
male: 72.9%
female: 61.8% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 10 years
male: 11 years
female: 10 years (2010)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 433,187
percentage: 19 % (2005 est.)
Education expenditures5.8% of GDP (2012)
Maternal mortality rate800 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight29.1% (2011)
Health expenditures8.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.03 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
Hospital bed density1.9 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate2.9% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014