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Federative Republic of Brazil
República Federativa do Brasil
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: 
  • Ordem e Progresso  (Portuguese)
  • (English: "Order and Progress")
Anthem: 

National seal
CapitalBrasília
15°47′S47°52′W / 15.783°S 47.867°W / -15.783; -47.867
Largest citySão Paulo
Official languagesPortuguese[2]
Ethnic groups (2010[3])
DemonymBrazilian
GovernmentFederalpresidentialconstitutional republic
 - PresidentDilma Rousseff
 - Vice PresidentMichel Temer
 - President of the
Chamber of Deputies
Eduardo Cunha
 - President of the Federal SenateRenan Calheiros
 - President of the Supreme Federal CourtRicardo Lewandowski
LegislatureNational Congress
 - Upper houseFederal Senate
 - Lower houseChamber of Deputies
Independence from United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves
 - Declared7 September 1822 
 - Recognized29 August 1825 
 - Republic15 November 1889 
 - Current constitution5 October 1988 
Area
 - Total8,515,767 km2 (5th)
3,287,597 sq mi
 - Water (%)0.65
Population
 - 2014 estimate202,768,562[4] (5th)
 - Density23.8/km2 (190th)
62/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$3.259 trillion[5][6] (7th)
 - Per capita$15,941[5] (77th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$1.904 trillion[5][6] (8th)
 - Per capita$9,312[5] (70th)
Gini (2012)positive decrease 51.9[7]
high
HDI (2013)Increase 0.744[8]
high ·79th
CurrencyReal (R$) (BRL)
Time zoneBRT(UTC−2 to −5)
 - Summer (DST)BRST (UTC−2 to −5)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code+55
ISO 3166 codeBR
Internet TLD.br
a.Multiracial

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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