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Bangladesh Demographics Profile 2013

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Population163,654,860 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 33% (male 27,393,912/female 26,601,199)
15-24 years: 18.8% (male 14,337,930/female 16,377,785)
25-54 years: 37.6% (male 29,091,046/female 32,455,670)
55-64 years: 5.7% (male 4,775,062/female 4,625,192)
65 years and over: 4.9% (male 3,918,341/female 4,078,723) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 53.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 46 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.3 %
potential support ratio: 13.6 (2013)
Median agetotal: 23.9 years
male: 23.4 years
female: 24.4 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate1.59% (2013 est.)
Birth rate22.07 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate5.67 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-0.52 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 28.4% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.96% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationDHAKA (capital) 15.391 million; Chittagong 4.816 million; Khulna 1.636 million; Rajshahi 853,000 (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.87 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.96 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth18.1 (2007 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 47.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 49.79 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 44.71 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 70.36 years
male: 68.48 years
female: 72.31 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate2.5 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate61.2% (2011/12)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateless than 0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS6,300 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 200 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 85% of population
rural: 80% of population
total: 81% of population
unimproved:
urban: 15% of population
rural: 20% of population
total: 19% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 57% of population
rural: 55% of population
total: 56% of population
unimproved:
urban: 43% of population
rural: 45% of population
total: 44% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria are high risks in some locations
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Bangladeshi(s)
adjective: Bangladeshi
Ethnic groupsBengali 98%, other 2% (includes tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims) (1998)
ReligionsMuslim 89.5%, Hindu 9.6%, other 0.9% (2004)
LanguagesBangla (official, also known as Bengali), English
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 57.7%
male: 62%
female: 53.4% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 8 years
male: 8 years
female: 8 years (2007)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 4,485,497
percentage: 13 % (2006 est.)
Education expenditures2.2% of GDP (2009)
Maternal mortality rate240 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight41.3% (2007)
Health expenditures3.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.356 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density0.6 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate1.1% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013