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Bangladesh Demographics Profile 2014

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Population166,280,712 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 32.3% (male 27,268,560/female 26,468,883)
15-24 years: 18.8% (male 14,637,526/female 16,630,766)
25-54 years: 38% (male 29,853,531/female 33,266,733)
55-64 years: 5.9% (male 4,964,130/female 4,870,447)
65 years and over: 5% (male 4,082,544/female 4,237,592) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 52.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 44.9 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.3 %
potential support ratio: 13.6 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 24.3 years
male: 23.8 years
female: 24.8 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.6% (2014 est.)
Birth rate21.61 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate5.64 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-0.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 28.4% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.96% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationDHAKA (capital) 15.391 million; Chittagong 5.239 million; Khulna 1.781 million; Rajshahi 932,000 (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.96 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth18.1
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 45.67 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 48.15 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 43.09 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 70.65 years
male: 68.75 years
female: 72.63 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate2.45 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate61.2% (2011/12)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS8,000 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths400 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 85.8% of population
rural: 84.4% of population
total: 84.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 14.2% of population
rural: 15.6% of population
total: 15.2% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 55.2% of population
rural: 57.8% of population
total: 57% of population
unimproved:
urban: 44.8% of population
rural: 42.2% of population
total: 43% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria are high risks in some locations
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Bangladeshi(s)
adjective: Bangladeshi
Ethnic groupsBengali 98%, other 2% (includes tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims) (1998)
ReligionsMuslim 89.5%, Hindu 9.6%, other 0.9% (2004)
LanguagesBangla (official, also known as Bengali), English
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 57.7%
male: 62%
female: 53.4% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 10 years
male: 10 years
female: 10 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 4,485,497
percentage: 13 % (2006 est.)
Education expenditures2.2% of GDP (2009)
Maternal mortality rate240 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight36.8% (2011)
Health expenditures3.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.36 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density0.6 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate1.1% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014