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Azerbaijan Demographics Profile 2016

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Population9,872,765 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 22.82% (male 1,204,976/female 1,047,737)
15-24 years: 15.77% (male 812,537/female 744,538)
25-54 years: 45.28% (male 2,188,683/female 2,281,242)
55-64 years: 9.64% (male 439,566/female 512,118)
65 years and over: 6.5% (male 245,144/female 396,224) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 38%
youth dependency ratio: 30.3%
elderly dependency ratio: 7.8%
potential support ratio: 12.9% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 30.9 years
male: 29.3 years
female: 32.6 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.92% (2016 est.)
Birth rate16.2 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate7.1 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 54.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.56% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationBAKU (capital) 2.374 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.11 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.15 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.86 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female
total population: 0.62 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth23.5 (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 24.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 25.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 23.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 72.5 years
male: 69.5 years
female: 75.8 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.9 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate51.1% (2006)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.17% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS10,700 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths300 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 94.7% of population
rural: 77.8% of population
total: 87% of population
unimproved:
urban: 5.3% of population
rural: 22.2% of population
total: 13% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 91.6% of population
rural: 86.6% of population
total: 89.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 8.4% of population
rural: 13.4% of population
total: 10.7% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Azerbaijani(s)
adjective: Azerbaijani
Ethnic groupsAzerbaijani 91.6%, Lezgian 2%, Russian 1.3%, Armenian 1.3%, Talysh 1.3%, other 2.4%
note: the separatist Nagorno-Karabakh region is populated almost entirely by ethnic Armenians (2009 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 96.9% (predominantly Shia), Christian 3%, other <0.1, unaffiliated <0.1 (2010 est.)
note: religious affiliation is still nominal in Azerbaijan; percentages for actual practicing adherents are much lower
LanguagesAzerbaijani (Azeri) (official) 92.5%, Russian 1.4%, Armenian 1.4%, other 4.7% (2009 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.9%
female: 99.8% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2014)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 144,397
percentage: 7%
note: data represent children ages 5-17 (2005 est.)
Education expenditures2.5% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate25 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight4.9% (2013)
Health expenditures6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.4 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density4.7 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate22.2% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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