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Angola Demographics Profile 2016

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Population20,172,332
note: results from Angola's 2014 national census estimate the country's population to be 25.8 million (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 42.72% (male 4,394,206/female 4,223,246)
15-24 years: 20.72% (male 2,127,140/female 2,053,363)
25-54 years: 29.6% (male 3,013,561/female 2,956,547)
55-64 years: 3.97% (male 388,314/female 413,347)
65 years and over: 2.99% (male 278,853/female 323,755) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 99.9%
youth dependency ratio: 95.2%
elderly dependency ratio: 4.6%
potential support ratio: 21.6% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 18.2 years
male: 18 years
female: 18.3 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate2.72% (2016 est.)
Birth rate38.6 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate11.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 44% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 4.97% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationLUANDA (capital) 5.506 million; Huambo 1.269 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19.4
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 76.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 80.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 72.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 56 years
male: 54.8 years
female: 57.2 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate5.31 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate17.7% (2008/09)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate2.17% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS315,400 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths11,900 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 75.4% of population
rural: 28.2% of population
total: 49% of population
unimproved:
urban: 24.6% of population
rural: 71.8% of population
total: 51% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 88.6% of population
rural: 22.5% of population
total: 51.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 11.4% of population
rural: 77.5% of population
total: 48.4% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Angolan(s)
adjective: Angolan
Ethnic groupsOvimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 41.1%, Protestant 38.1%, other 8.6%, none 12.3% (2014 est.)
LanguagesPortuguese 71.2% (official), Umbundu 23%, Kikongo 8.2%, Kimbundu 7.8%, Chokwe 6.5%, Nhaneca 3.4%, Nganguela 3.1%, Fiote 2.4%, Kwanhama 2.3%, Muhumbi 2.1%, Luvale 1%, other 3.6%
note: most widely spoken languages; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 71.1%
male: 82%
female: 60.7% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 10 years
male: 13 years
female: 8 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 832,895
percentage: 24% (2001 est.)
Education expenditures3.4% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate477 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight15.6% (2007)
Health expenditures3.3% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.17 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate8.5% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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